Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative disease of the brain, resulting in memory loss, cognitive decline, and personality changes.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative disease of the brain, resulting in memory loss, cognitive decline, and personality changes. So, the disease cannot go away or be cured. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia (loss of memory and cognitive skills). People with Alzheimer's disease first develop memory loss. As the disease progresses, memory loss worsens and problems with thinking, decision-making, reasoning, language, or perception develop. Alzheimer's is a disease with no cure, but there are ways to stop or slow its progression with medications and other therapies. These can treat symptoms and improve the quality of life.
Can Alzheimer’s disease be cured?
There is no known cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, some drugs may help delay symptoms, slow the progression of the disease, support mental function, regulate behavior, and improve the quality of life. They are:
- The following medications are used for the treatment and management of Alzheimer's disease:
- Aricept (donepezil)
- Exelon (rivastigmine)
- Reminyl (galantamine)
- Cognex (tacrine)
- Namenda (memantine)
- Eldepryl (selegiline)
- Symptoms of behavioral changes are treated with:
- Antianxiety medications
Can Alzheimer's disease be prevented?
There is no known definitive cause for Alzheimer’s disease. Hence, the disease cannot be prevented with certainty. Nonetheless, healthy lifestyle habits that promote good brain health and prevent cognitive decline include:
- Physical activities, such as walking, singing, dancing
- Cognitive rehabilitation
- Consuming antioxidant-rich foods, such as fruits, nuts, and vegetables
- Healthy diet
- Adequate sleep
- Active social life
- Limiting alcohol intake
- Quitting smoking
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Medically Reviewed on 4/9/2021
National Institute on Aging. What Is Alzheimer's Disease? National Institutes of Health. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-alzheimers-disease
Lakhan SE. Alzheimer Disease. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1134817-overview