What causes colon spasm?
Several medical conditions may lead to colon spasm. Besides, certain factors may aggravate spasm. These include:
Irritable bowel syndrome: It’s a condition characterized by bloating, abdominal pain and changes in the bowel movement
Ulcerative colitis: It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes ulcers and inflammation inside the colon
Crohn’s disease: Another type of IBD, this condition is similar to ulcerative colitis but affects different parts of the stomach
Diverticulitis: It is swelling and infection of the outpouches of the large colon leading to pain and bleeding.
Endometriosis: It is a condition in which, there is an abnormal growth of the uterus lining in outside the uterus, especially in the bowel
Intestinal bacterial overgrowth: Too much of bacteria in the intestine can cause, diarrhea, weight loss, and vitamin deficiency
Stress or anxiety: Stress or anxiety can aggravate the spasm. With stress, the body may slow down the passage of food through the digestive system
Food allergies and intolerance: Intolerance or allergies to certain foods may also cause colon spasm. Foods or ingredients that may cause intolerance or allergies include:
- dairy products
- gluten-rich foods such as wheat, soya, etc.
- monosodium glutamate
How to treat colon spasm?
Treatment depends on the causes of the colon spasm and may vary. In general, making a diet or lifestyle changes may ease the discomfort of the colon spasm that include:
- Including more of fibers in the diet
- Probiotic ingestion
- Following a special diet plan known as the FODMAP diet
- Avoiding wheat or dairy products
- Including a low-fat diet
- Getting adequate sleep
- Avoiding stress
- Increasing physical activity
The physician may also recommend certain medications to relieve colonic spasm, which include:
- Pain killers
- Oral contraceptives or hormone medications in the case of endometriosis
- Antibiotics to treat intestinal bacterial overgrowth