Who may qualify for a liver transplant?
Never will ethnicity, religion, national origin, gender or sexual orientation have any part in deciding if a patient is a transplant candidate. Liver transplant is a major surgery; hence, a patient should meet certain criteria that include
- A liver transplant is an option if the patient’s quality of life may improve with it.
- The patient should not have other diseases that cannot be treated or too sick to likely survive the transplant surgery.
- All other medical or surgical treatment options either have not worked or are not a good choice for the patient.
- The patient and support systems (family and friends) understand and accept the risks of having a liver transplant.
- The patient should not have a history of psychiatric disorder (bulimia, anorexia, etc.).
- Patient support systems are fully committed to and compliant with what is needed before and after the transplant to make the transplant a success. This would include access to funding for the transplant procedure, post-transplant medicines and other healthcare costs. The social worker and patient financial liaison may be able to help find other ways to pay for the patient’s care.
Indications for liver transplantation
- The patient has an acute (sudden) onset of liver failure.
- They have had cirrhosis (liver disease) for a long time.
- They have liver disease that will lead to death or affect their quality of life.
- They have had treatments that did not work (and others are not expected to work).