What is body dysmorphic disorder?
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a body image disorder characterized by persistent thinking and worrying about one or more perceived defects or minor flaws in your appearance. People with BDD may think about the perceived or real flaws for hours each day. They find it hard to control their negative feelings and don’t believe people who tell positive things about them. They may like to live in isolation due to fear of being judged by others.
Which parts of the body are involved in BDD?
People with BDD are commonly preoccupied with some aspect of their face, and many believe they have multiple defects. The most common body parts include:
- Overall body build
Overall, people with BDD complain of a lack of symmetry or feel that something is too big, too small, or out of proportion compared to other body parts.
How does BDD affect emotion?
BDD causes emotional distress, such as:
Even if their concern is related to the appearance; however, their distress is real.
How to treat BDD?
The physician treats BDD in either of the two ways:
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy: It helps to control all the negative thoughts, emotional reactions, and behaviors.
- Medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may help to resolve the problems related to the brain chemical serotonin.
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Medically Reviewed on 10/29/2020