What is compartment syndrome?
A compartment pressure measurement test is testing for compartment syndrome.
Compartment syndrome is a painful condition caused by excessive pressure building up within and between muscles.
The muscles in your arms and legs are divided into groups by thick bands of tissue called fascia. The fascia has some openings or compartments which contain muscle tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. The fascia is non-expandable.
Swelling due to the collection of fluids in the openings or compartments causes the fascia to be pushed against the muscles, nerves, or blood vessels within the arms and legs. This condition is called compartment syndrome.
The high pressure can damage muscles and nerves, which can decrease blood flow. Compartment syndromes may develop suddenly (acute compartment syndrome) or gradually over time (chronic compartment syndrome).
In either case, compartment syndrome can lead to severe and permanent damage if left untreated. Compartment syndrome can happen at any site within the body. The leg, however, is most frequently affected. Other sites include
- the forearm,
- thigh and